The school system in Pakistan
Not all children in Pakistan go to school. Only 73 out of 100 children start school. The government set itself the goal of providing all children with at least basic education at school. But the reality is different.
There is a school system in Pakistan with a primary school that children aged five to ten should go to. Then there is the middle school for children aged 10 to 13. This is followed by a high school for an age group from 13 to 15 years and a secondary school for young people up to 17 years.
At the end there is a degree like our Abitur. Alternatively, there is also a special technical high school. With the latter two school-leaving qualifications, you can study at one of the universities, which are either financed by the state or privately. That sounds pretty good, but why then still so many people in Pakistan can't read or write?
There is a lack of money ...
In practice, far too little is being done to expand the school system. On the one hand there is a lack of money and on the other hand the conservative attitude of many Muslims prevents parents from sending their children - especially the girls - to school. While 79 out of 100 boys start school, the proportion of girls is only 67.
In education, Pakistan lags behind the rest of the world. All children should at least go to elementary school. A teacher then often teaches 100 students in a class.
Sometimes there are no teachers at all! Either they don't get paid or they just don't come anymore. Then the children are at school without a teacher. Then your parents may no longer send the children to school, but let them work in the field.
But even when the teachers are on site, textbooks and important material to teach with are missing. And many teachers are not adequately trained to offer meaningful instruction to the children. As a result, 45 out of 100 people in Pakistan are still unable to read and write properly.